Black and White Development - A Guide

As I mentioned last week I did bring a analogue camera with me when visiting Thy. 

First some facts. The film was a Kodak Tri-X400, and it was loaded in a Konica Autoreflex A. I shot the film the two days I was visiting Thy. 

Before anything, I surfed the web to see if I could find some instructions on how to develop a BW film. My main sources were two Youtube videos - Noisefilm and Ilford -  and two websites - Ilford and Digitaltruth

The Process

Then I acquired the following:

  • Developing tank - must have
  • Thermometer - must have
  • Chemicals - must have
    • Developer
    • Stopbath
    • Fixer
  • Changing Bag - must have
  • Film wiper
  • Graduated beaker - must have, but bought them secondhand, and the ones made for cooking. Works just fine.
  • Clamps

Once I got all the things, I watched all the videos and read the websites again and again. Just to be sure.

The first thing I did was rewindning the film. What happend next was that the film broke. I was not aware of this so I opened the back cover. Easier downcast, I decided to continue the processio, hoping it was not ruined, when I opened the cover.

I chose to put it all in the changing bag - Developing tank, scissor, knife and the camera. I opened the cover, and started to see if I could get the rest of the film of the spole and into the developing tank. It succeeded - though a bit shattered. Now to the actual development. 

I read the mixture proportion on the bottles and got this:

  • 275ml water(20 degrees celsius) - 25ml developer
  • 285ml water(20 degrees celsius) - 15ml Stopbath
  • 225ml water(20 degrees celsius) - 75ml Fixer
  • Distilled Water

And now the how-to!

  • Pour the developer in the developing tank for 5 minutes and agitate every 30 seconds, for 10 seconds. After 5 minutes pour the developer in back in the graduated beaker.
  • Pour the stopbath in the tank for 1 minute, and agitate every 30 seconds. After 1 minute pour the stopbath back into the graduated beaker.
  • Pour the fixer in the developing tank for 5 minutes and agitate every 30 seconds, for 10 seconds. After 5 minutes pour the fixer in back in the graduated beaker.
  • Wash the film for 3 minutes
  • Hang the film to dry. Don't forget to wipe the film from water with the film wiper.
  • Scan the film.

The Results


I think it turned out too grain. This is the first film I developed. So I'm not sure if it's because of the film, the develop-time, the chemicals or a whole other thing. But surely, I'll try to make it less grain next time. 

Let me know what you think abot the pictures, and this guide. Do you want more of this content? 

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